Trying to get into computer systems in order to steal, corrupt, or illegitimately view data. Hacking comes from the term “hacker”, who is an expert in computer programming languages and systems. Hacking, in this sense, means using unusually complex and clever methods to make computers do things. For some time, however, the popular press has used the word “hacker” and “hacking” in a negative way to refer to individuals who try to get into computer systems in order to steal, corrupt, or illegitimately view data. Hackers themselves maintain that the proper term for such individuals is “cracker”, and that their activities should be called cracking. However, in order to be consistent with the most common usage of the word, we use “hacking” here to refer to unauthorized access
Website defacement is an attack on a website that changes the visual appearance of the site or a webpage. This is typically the work of system crackers, who break into a web server and replace the hosted website with one of its own. The most common method of defacement is using SQL Injections to log on to administrator accounts. Defacements usually consist of an entire page. This page usually includes the defacer’s pseudonym or “Hacking Codename.” Sometimes, the Website Defacer makes fun of the system administrator for failing to maintain server security. Most times, the defacement is harmless, however, sometimes it can be used as a distraction to cover up more sinister actions such as uploading malware or deleting essential files from the server. NR3C has successfully investigated cases relating to website defacement.
Cyber stalking (also called cyber harassment) is when someone uses the Internet to threaten or make unwanted advances towards someone else. This sort of harassment can cause physical, emotional, and psychological damage to the victim. Children are particularly vulnerable because of their trusting nature and give away their personal information. This information later is used against them for stalking purpose, therefore the NR3C officials advice that until the person is not a trusted individual, no information should shared over the internet.
Using the Internet to threaten or make unwanted advances towards someone else Cyber stalking (also called cyber harassment) is when someone uses the Internet to threaten or make unwanted advances towards someone else. This sort of harassment can cause physical, emotional, and psychological damage to the victim. Children are particularly vulnerable because of their trusting nature
The internet evolution has made children a viable victim to the cyber crime. As more homes have access to internet, children use the internet and chances have increased where they can fall victim to the aggression of pedophiles. The easy access to pornographic contents available over the internet lowers the inhibition of the children. Pedophiles lure the children by distributing pornographic material, and try to meet them for sexual activities which also include collection of their explicit photographs and videos. Mostly pedophiles try to contact children in chat rooms posing as teenagers, and start to befriend them to win their confidence.
Each year, countless children around the world fall prey to sexual predators. These young victims are left with permanent psychological, physical, and emotional scars. When a recording of that sexual abuse is made or released onto the Internet, it lives on forever. It haunts the children depicted in it, who live daily with the knowledge that countless strangers use an image of their worst experiences for their own gratification. NR3C, cyber crime unit has zero tolerance for pedophiles, and is driven to make cyber space a safe place for our children.
Social engineering is a technique used by cyber criminals to get access to confidential information. With social engineering, attackers use manipulation and deceit to trick victims into giving out confidential information. Some of the social engineering methods used by attackers:
Data theft is the act of stealing computer-based information from an unknowing victim with the intent of compromising privacy or obtaining confidential information. Data theft is increasingly a problem for individual computer users, as well as big corporate firms. The following categories are most common in data theft cases.
Identity theft refers to a crime where an individual maliciously obtains and uses another individuals personal/sensitive information to commit frauds/scams by using the stolen identity. Mostly this crime is committed for economic gain. The cyber criminal gains access to an individuals information by stealing e-mail details, stored information on computer databases, they eavesdrop over the networks to get hold of transactions. Identity thefts includes but not limited to shoulder surfing, dumpster diving, spamming, spoofing, phishing, and skimming. NR3C has successfully investigated numerous cases of identity theft.
Financial fraud is a criminal behavior in which a person uses wrong methods to trick a victim out of his money. The Internet fraud scheme is a common example of financial fraud, which includes emulated online sales, retail schemes, business opportunity schemes, identity theft, market manipulation schemes, and credit card schemes.
A virus is a malicious program that passes from one computer to another in the same way as a biological virus passes from one person to another. Most viruses are written with a malicious intent, so that they may cause damage to programs and data in addition to spreading themselves. Viruses infect existing programs to alter the behavior of programs, actively destroy data, and perform actions to storage devices that render their stored data inaccessible.
A worm is a software program that uses computer networks and security holes to replicate itself from one computer to another. It usually performs malicious actions, such as using the resources of computers as well as shutting down the computers
Intellectual property rights is concerned with any act that allows access to patent, trade secrets, customer data, sales trends, and any confidential information.
A Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack is mounted with the objective of causing a negative impact on the performance of a computer or network. It is also known as a network saturation attack or bandwidth consumption attack. Attackers perform DoS attacks by sending a large number of protocol packets to the network